Horizons International (Asia) 國際視野(亞洲)
羅興亞人難民緊急救援計劃 – 孟加拉長老會
[分類：600 BDT（7.2美元）的10公斤大米+200 BDT（2.4美元）的2公斤扁豆+100 BDT（1.2美元）的1升油+其他]
[Mog]或[Bormi]希望看到緬甸是一人一國、一種語言和一種文化。2011年他們用迫擊炮殺害了克欽（Kachin）Lim Pa村莊的所有基督徒。1978年，緬甸開始摧毀整個若開邦，現今仍在繼續[Prof. Muntasir Mamun]。若開邦大部分穆斯林年輕人和領導人被緬甸軍隊和當地佛教徒殺害。
我們已經看到在班多爾班山道（Bandarban Hill Tract）邊有新的難民，但一星期後，出於安全的原因，他們被疏散到科克斯巴扎爾的另一邊。另一方面，超過2.5萬名的難民已從山道區域轉移到了Balukhali營地。為此，羅興亞人認識到吉大港部族並未表現出對無助的羅興亞人的關注，甚至沒有給予任何庇護。吉大港部族與來自平原土地上的孟加拉人已經有問題了，所以他們不想看到羅興亞穆斯林在當中。因為這些羅興亞人可能攻擊佛教徒和他們的機構，以報復阿拉幹的佛教徒Mog。
同時，Delwar Hossain Saidi的兒子－1971年戰爭被判處終身監禁的罪犯－去難民區發放救濟品，並為伊斯蘭大會黨（Jamaat-e Islami）招募成員。警察想逮捕他，但沒能找到。這是孟加拉的情報報告：Tajuddin自稱殺害謝赫·穆吉布·拉赫曼（Sheik Mujibur Rahman） [孟加拉國父]的兇手，現被判死刑在逃，是8月21日襲殺謝赫·哈西娜（Sheik Hasina）的武器供應者，而另一些人則在巴基斯坦，他們與緬甸軍隊合作，企圖推翻政府。
 Source: Wikipedia and The Daily Sanbad, Dated: 10 September 2017.
Subject: Update on Rohingyas
Date: 23 September 2017 at 12:07:13 GMT+8
EMERGENCY RELIEF PROGRAM FOR ROHINGYA REFUGEES
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF BANGLADESH – PCB
Prepared by: Edward Ayub
About 1 million Rohingya refugees including the old ones [more than 480,000 new comers] came since 1978, 1998, 2016 and 2017 – still many more are coming every day; 75% are women, 16,000 women carrying babies and more than 260,000 children, no shelter – so many are on the roadside in open sky during rains and without food, all the lanes in the camp are muddy, no sanitary, crisis of water and health issue is out of control – inhuman condition. Education could not be ensured even for the old ones. The situation of food and health would deteriorate soon.
INDIVIDUAL, social groups, GOVERNMENT, UN and NGOs:
Bangladeshis are showing their utmost hospitality specially the locals, Bangladesh army has been given the responsibility for relief distribution, registration of the new refugees which would take more than a year, Islamic groups are very active from the entry point to the camp sites, food distribution is a challenge so thousands are chasing the trucks carrying food items but not expecting clothes now.
PLAN OF PCB:
Long-Term – Need some space/center for the operation of COUNSELING through the Word of God, EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES, WATER SUPPLY and MEDICAL FACILITIES.
Short-term Immediate Need of Food and Medicine.
WHAT TO GIVE?
Food package – 10 kgs rice, 2 kgs dal/lentil, 1 liter oil, vitamin & nutrition tablet, OR saline, plus cash money for fire wood, match box, salt, onions, utensils, lamps, etc. These small items are available in the shops already started.
Each packet: 1,500 BDT – 1,000 BDT in kinds & 500 in Cash.
[Breakdown: 10 kgs rice 600 BDT + 2 kgs lentils 200 BDT + 1 Liter oil 100 BDT + others]
BUDGET would depend on the quantity of packets we plan on the basis of fund available and @ 1,500 BDT per packet
WHEN? If possible, the distribution could be done during our next visit.
Carrying costs – trucks and others depend on the quantity of packets but approximately 20,000-30,000 BDT.
PCB Staff & Volunteers – Food & Traveling for the Distribution – 40,000 BDT.
The packets could be done from Teknaf, the nearby town and must be distributed through DC office and Bangladesh Army through prior-arrangements. Otherwise the old ones and the local Bengalis are snatching the relief goods – risky. If the refugees see one truck of relief, they are flooding and fighting to get one packet.
WHY EMERGENCY RELIEF?
PCB ‘s goal is to work for the long-term in education, water supply and medical assistance. But the need at the moment is so urgent for the survival of the refugees still coming. If these people are not fed there would be serious humanitarian crisis without control.
Providing Emergency Assistance would work for PCB’s long-term work by ensuring cooperation from the government agencies. This is to establish relationship with the authorities. This is for conscience sake not to avoid the present crisis but wait for the long-term plan.
LONG-TERM plans would be developed after few more visits. We are becoming more and more clear in developing our strategy.
Before any long-term works, PCB needs to settle some location/center for its future on-going operations. This could be done by purchasing/leasing small piece of land near the refugee camps. Houses are not available for renting so staff team would need some housing facilities. If school and clinical plans progress, then there would be need for some space. Evangelism through Counseling [Time with individuals & families] is our strategy for reaching the Rohingyas.
THE EXILE OF ROHINGYAS – The Most Persecuted and Stateless Ethnic Minority
PREPARED BY: AYUB
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF BANGLADESH – PCB
The conversation of a banker inside the bank office – The female banker asked me, “Are you Christians and Buddhists the same?” I told no. She continued, “We have read in our text book that Buddhism believes in non-violence and killing life is grave sin. But now we see that Buddhists are ferocious toward humans. What kind of Buddhism is this?” I have told her that Buddhists are not only killing Muslims but Christians in many parts of the world.
[Some of the portions of my writing would change with the changes of situations, government policies and Myanmar’s positions
Origin and History of the ROHINGYAS:
Ruhingya Muslims are minority in Rakhaine living there for more than 400 years but influential. They even control the business in Mangdou port. They are not given Myanmar citizenship and cannot go outside of Rakhaine area. Rakhaine was known as ‘rosang’ in the middle ages and in Chittagonian distortion form ‘rohang’ has come from ‘rosang’. The inhabitants of ‘rohang’ have become ‘Rohingya’. According to the history, the ‘kurukh’ ethnic group of Austric tribe from North-eastern India started to habitat in Arakan in 1500 BC, then Bengali Hindus latter converted to Islam, Persian, Turkish, Mughol, Arab and Pathan merchants started to live at the coastal part of the Bay of Bengal. Rohingyas are the mixed generation of these races.
In the eight centuries AD, during the Arabs penetration, the then ‘rohan’ was started to be known as ‘Rohingyas’. In ninth and tenth centuries the present Rakhaine was known and ‘Rohang’. Scholars says that the meaning of the Arabic-origin word ‘Ruhingya’ is ‘rescued’. In 1044 AD Anaohota, the fundamentalist king of then Burma settled Buddhists in Rakhaine area. These Buddhists were known as ‘mog’ reputed badly for their robbery and whom the Mughols drove into the jungle.
During 1430-1784, Bengali language was used with Persian for literature writing and practice. The then Rosang of 22,000 sq miles [36,762 sq kms] territory was independent. The then Arakan in two divisions was independent but united with Burman in 1785. Burmese king occupied the land and settled radical Buddhists. Then the land with whole of Burma went under the British. The British made a list of 139 ethnic tribes but did not include the Rohingyas. Myanmar got her independence in 1948 and the Rohingyas representatives were in the parliament. But in 1968 with the Ne Win’s coup, the history of Myanmar started to flow in different direction to ostracize the Rohingyas and even started to eliminate them from their land.
Rakhaine [formerly Arakan] is the North-Western state of Myanmar situated with vast plain land between hills and sea.
Language and Culture:
Rohingyas have their own language but no script for writing. There are similar language among Chittagonian local dialect and Rakhaine Muslims. Urdu, Hindi and Arabic mixtures are found in their language. Some of my relative married from Arakan Muslims. I speak the almost similar local dialect like the Rohingyas do. The people of other parts of our country cannot communicate with the Rohingyas. The local dialect is so difficult to learn and even understand so the remaining part of the country use translator. But all Rohingyas understand some Bangla.
Bengali people were disturbed by the ‘mog’ attack and looting in the Bengali history. There is a common saying in Bangla like “moger mulluk” meaning “the empire of Mog”. The meaning is that Mog could do whatever they like without facing any protest.
Process of Rohingya Infiltration & YABBA Tablet:
The ethnic cleansing of the Rohingyas from the Rakhine has been going on since centuries. In 1784 the then Burmese king occupied Arakan and atrocity started since then. In 1799, 35,000 Rohingyas fled into Chittagong for life. Burma got independence in 1948 and in 1962 the military power came into power. And since then the state-run persecution got started. In 1970, the citizenship had been stopped and their voting power had been cancelled in 1974. Through the operation of Dragon King, Burma started to eradicate the Rohingyas who were considered as foreigners. 1978, more than 350,000 Rohingyas fled into Bangladesh but about 250,000 repatriated through an agreement negotiated by UN. In 1982, Myanmar gave recognition to 135 ethnic groups as their nationals but not the Rohingyas.
Myanmar has been successfully chasing the Rohingyas since 1978. These ethnic group is called as Bengali Terrorists by the military regime and now all Burmese [former name of Myanmar citizen]. Myanmar for centuries believe that Rohingyas belong to Bangladesh but they have occupied the land of Myanmar. This is true that many Chittagonian and citizens of other parts of Bangladesh went to settle there but centuries ago.
Even before driving the Rohingyas into Bangladesh, Myanmar has been nurturing the Yabba Tablet businessmen. Millions and millions of Yabba drugs for addiction are smuggled every day into our country. The Prime Minister of Bangladesh recently even stopped fishing in the river Naf to control the Yabba. These tablets are available at any corner of our country and the rich youths are addicted into this. The tablets are costly so rich youths are using those. the next generation of Bangladesh is destroyed by the South-Eastern Yabba smuggling. The top level businessmen have strong syndicate even one of the Members of the Parliament is under criminal investigation of this smuggling.
The recent ethnic cleansing has been in 1978, 2010, 2012 and finally in 2016-2017.
Teknaf, the small town of Bangladesh is now called the Town of the Rohingyas.
WHY ETHNIC CLEANSING?
The ‘Mog’ or ‘Bormi’ wants to see Myanmar one man, one country, one language and one culture. In 2011, they killed all Christians by mortar shells at Lim Pa village in Kachin. In 1978, the Burmese started to destroy all Rakhaine which is still going on [Prof. Muntasir Mamun]. Most of the youths and leaders of Arakan Muslims have been killed by the Myanmar army and local Buddhists.
Observations on Rohingya Crisis:
Mostly women with their children and old generations are entering into Bangladesh but not their youths. I have asked many about the whereabouts of their youths. Some said that they have been killed, some have joined the freedom fighting, and some are in hide in the hills.
Every day the Rohingyas are coming to our country but still no shelter and food for living.
Many have been interviewed on their journey and they have said that some of them have paid 5,000 BDT [70 USD] or 10,000 BDT [120 USD] fare to get room in the boat. Myanmar police is cooperating their citizen to get boats.
No sanitation of thousands of Rohingyas – we did not see any toilet and latrine, cooking arrangements [how much firewood they need every day and forests are going to be destroyed], no enough water for maintain cleanliness, so severe hygiene crisis is inevitable. This would result into epidemic soon.
The rich solvent Rohingyas are renting houses in Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong. The government is determined to transfer to the camp site. According to the report, in Cox’s Bazaar alone few thousands are staying in rental house. This would be a critical issue since they are telling that there is suitable place for them. So the decision of keeping all Rohingyas in one place would be a challenge.
Teknaf population 282,000 but more than 250,000 Rohingyas are newly settled there – more to come.
Situation of Tribal Christians in Bangladesh:
Bangladeshi Muslims in CTG part have given ultimatum to tribal Buddhists people to live the city within 15 days. So I have been informed by CTG pastors that their tribal believers are in fear of attack. Some have stopped going to their working-place. Some Muslim clerics believe that if Muslims cannot live in Rakhaine, the tribal should be forced to go back to Myanmar. There are also Rakhaine tribe living in the Sothern coastal part of Bangladesh. These Rakhaine have also been persecuted but the nature is different because the government is committed to protect them unlike Myanmar.
Tribal Christian workers would have risky response working among the Rohingyas. These refugees are deeply grieved by the atrocity of the Buddhists fundamentalists in Myanmar. The hatred they have gone through would motivate them to retaliate the tribal. Local Muslims would inflame the situation. But for doing something good, Christian tribal should take risk and prove that the tribal Christians with Buddhist background are different than the Buddhists in Myanmar.
We have seen new refugees in the Bandarban Hill Tract side but after one week they have been evacuated to the other side of Cox’s Bazaar due to security reason. On the other hand, more than 25,000 refugees have been transferred to Balukhali camp from the Hill Tracts areas. For this, Rohingyas are realizing that CHT tribal are not showing their concern to the helpless Rohingyas even not by giving any shelter. CHT tribal are already in problem with the Bengali settlers from plain land so they do not want to see Rohingya Muslims among them. Because these Rohingyas may attack the Buddhists and their establishments to retaliate against the Buddhist Mog in Arakan.
40 million USD. Bangladesh is in discussion with Myanmar in building the connection of Asia Highways from China Kunming to Teknaf part of Bangladesh. Another project in Bangladesh is underway which is Trans-Asian railways up to Gundum near Myanmar border from Chittagong.
Bangladesh wants to do business through tourism since we have Cox’s Bazaar, the longest sea-beech in the world. If Bangladesh connected with Myanmar and China, highway travel even from Thailand, China, even further would be developed for economic development. So Bangladesh is showing highest degree of patience. So far in this month Myanmar helicopters have crossed no-man’s land several times but Bangladesh Foreign Affairs called the Myanmar ambassador only to express objections. But Bengalis are giving pressure to the government to strengthen diplomacy and stand beside the refugees with utmost assistance.
India and China are taking the advantage of using Myanmarese ports but Bangladesh is in process of using their ports. Myanmar ports are deep so Bangladesh businessmen would save money using their ports rather than using Singapore. Presently Bangladeshi goods are exported through Singapore since there is not protocol but if there is, it would take only 8 hours to go tot Mangdou port from Chittagong, the largest sea port of Bangladesh. So Bangladesh is not doing anything to devastate the economic future.
More than 40,000 Rohingyas in India – These Rohingyas have been in India’s North-East states but some of them have mixed with Indians in other parts. The present BJP government is considering to repatriate them into Myanmar. There is a writ petition filed in Indian Supreme Court by some Rohingyas but the government is asking the court not to stand against the government steps since those Rohingyas are being linked with international Islamic terrorist groups. Rohingyas are telling that sending them back would violate IOM laws and UNHCR.
Nobel Laureate Aung SAn SUU KYI:
Aung San Suu Kyi is the most compromising lady with the military government of Myanmar. Her threat is Myanmar parliament where one-fourth members are from the military, her British husband and two children, the existing Constitution which ensures not to allow anyone having foreign spouse to become the Chief of Myanmar. So even after having landslide victory, she could not play her role as a former icon of democracy. She is violating whatever she said during her movement of human rights. Suu Kyi’s stand has always been against Rohingyas – during her election campaign she avoided the issue, did not include any Muslim nominee and her National league for Democracy is dominated by Buddhists. Recently she said that Rohingyas are illegal Bengali migrants not Rohingyas.
All intellectuals have condemned Suu Kyi for her silence and tuning with the military forces. Even there are people in and outside Bangladesh demanding to take Nobel Peace Prize back. Recently one article at the Guardian has shown the grounds of forfeiting the prize when the Noble committee gas declined to do that and to take any responsibility of the reverse activities after winning the prize.
Aung San Suu Kyi is in complex troubles. British Foreign Minister said that Suu Kyi is in difficulties in her tenure. She also said that the problem had been going on since centuries and her new government should not be blamed for not solving the situation. The West is still sympathetic to Suu Kyi in considering her limitations so they are willing to give her time.
Suu Kyi’s another challenge is that she is under army influence. Myanmar army claims themselves as the true nationalists of Myanmar and real protector of Buddhism in Myanmar after their five decades of rule.
Challenge to Bangladesh:
In 1971 Liberation War against Pakistan, more than 10 millions Bengalis became refugees in India. So many of our present generation is experience the 1971 war scene now. Rohingyas are fortunate in getting public hospitality in spite of Bangladesh poverty because of this heritage. People from all sorts are flooding to show their compassion and care to the Rohingyas even though the need is very high. I have seen how the refugees are running after the relief truck neglecting their safety.
Life-style of Old Refugees – The old ones are already getting relief from the UNHCR and other NGOs so their job is to enjoy cinemas and reproduce their numbers. These idles brains are motivated in any risky jobs.
Myanmar government believe that Rohingya rebels are trained in Bangladesh and operating attack in Myanmar using Bangladesh territory. Bangladesh has been denying the allegation. Bangladesh has proposed to establish joint-petro to deal the issue but Myanmar rejected.
Since the cultural and religious similarities, Rohingyas can easily be absorbed with Bengalis. They are quickly traveling to different parts of the country. Some Rohingyas have already been found and arrested near Dhaka, and one family even in Bhurungamari, the farthest North of Bangladesh and sent back to the camp. In the hilly areas of Bandarban where there is the longest 260 kms land border with Myanmar, refugees would easily can move anywhere through the hills.
High risk of terrorism and smuggling: Myanmarese freedom fighters are based in Bangladesh. They might be linked with ISIS and Al-Qaida, the Muslims terrorist groups. These groups have already started their agenda in Bangladesh border with Myanmar to establish a separate Muslim state including Rakhaine and parts of Bangladesh after their failure in the Middle East.
Friendship with China and India: Both countries want to maintain good relationship with both Bangladesh and Myanmar. China is involved with lots of mega projects in Bangladesh like the building of the dream project named Padma Bridge. So Bangladesh has to show maximum patience to earn sympathy from the world community.
Stability in Bangladesh – There are small fraction of fundamentalists among the Bengali Muslims in our country. They have already started protesting against Myanmar Buddhists. The major Buddhists temples and schools are under strict police protection. On the other hand, mosques in other parts of Myanmar are under attack even though their police is claiming to protect those. As soon as the reports of attacking the mosques inside Myanmar would reach the Muslims here, there is possibility that Buddhists establishments and people would be under attack.
Meanwhile the son of Delwar Hossain Saidi, the 1971 War crime criminal under life-sentence, went to refugee area to distribute relief and collecting membership for Jamaat-e Islami. The police wanted to arrest him but could not find out. This is Bangladesh Intelligence report that the self-declared killer of Sheik Mujibur Rahman [Father of the Nation] now carrying death sentence, Tajuddin, the arms supplier for the 21st August attack to kill Sheik Hasina and others are in Pakistan from where they have been working with the Myanmar army to bring the government down.
Even though the world leaders, organizations and agencies are applauding the Prime Minister of Bangladesh and its people for accepting the refugees, but the main opposition [35-40% of the population but outside the parliament] is constantly accusing the Awami League led government for failure in every bit to deal the issue. The government needs to be patient, keen and careful to react and respond to the propaganda.
What are Bengali Muslims thinking to achieve?
Muslims in Bangladesh have their own agenda – they are opening their mosques and madrashas for the shelter of the refugees. During my visit through the Teknaf South point to Shah Pari’s Island, I have seen Bengali Muslims are active with their presence, taking pictures, making videos, interviewing the refugees, distributing relief items, showing their generosity, helping them by providing transportation to reach the refugee came, distributing cash money, etc. That means that they are in the very front line in meeting the Rohingyas just after their getting down from the boat from the Naf River.
Hefazat-e Islam says, “Give us arms and we would free Arakan as an independent state. Without independence the Ruhingya problem would not be solved.”
What is going to happen?
Most of the refugees have left all their belongings behind in their country. Some refugees have some but little means of cash to live on. Some of them have brought their cows to sell though in very cheap price. This means would be finished soon. So the real crisis is approaching for about millions of refugees. UNICEF says that more than 260,000 children are going to be in serious health problems and malnutrition. The death toll has started to occur since few have died because of no food. Winter season is approaching from the end of October – when more than one millions blankets would be needed not after many days.
Bangladesh proposal of creating Safe Zone for Rohingyas has been rejected by Myanmar.
Huge numbers of Rohingyas are scattered inside Bangladesh. Most of them would not go back since they are safe here. Many of them have got national ID card, they are voters, getting passports to travel and went outside Bangladesh, many of them have married Bengali girls and many Bengalis have married Rohingya girls, etc. I have asked many Rohingyas whether they would go back to their land if security is ensured. Some of then want but many said, “Please kill us inside Bangladesh but do not tell us to go back.”
Crimes – multiple and illegal marriages between Bangladeshis and Rohingyas, child kidnapping, raping of young girls, robbery and theft, etc. would be harmful future is awaiting for Bangladesh.
This is forecast that if the Rohingyas stand against Bangladesh government for some conspiracy, this would be difficult to push them back. Myanmar army has already sets land-mines in the border area to stop any return of the Rohingyas. Some Rohingyas have already died of the mine blasts. This has happened just on 18 September 2017 when some Rohingyas destroyed the plantation of Bengalis but when protested, they attacked the local Bengalis. They have occupied the forest nursery for making their houses. So the outnumbered Rohingyas over local Bengalis would be able to create any attack to the local government and Bengalis.
Most of the refugees would not be willing to go back to their homeland. They are safe here, getting relief without working and at the same time they can work for extra income. So this is normal that they would not take risk of putting their families and lives into another sure-chance of devastation. In 1978, the Rohingyas came for the first time and in mid of 1979, there was some agreement between Bangladesh and Myanmar to take the Rohingyas back. But many refugees were not willing to go back and UNHCR also stood beside them by trying to convince Bangladesh government not to force anyone. At some point the refugees attacked the police camp, seized the police arms and captured the Refugee Commissioner. But finally the government was able to send them back.
Bangladesh is becoming good neighbor to the Rohingyas or Arakan state of Myanmar. Bengalis are still grateful to India for giving 10 million Bengali refugees in 1971. So in the future after the exodus of the Rohingyas, their state would be friendly to Bangladesh and economic cooperation would be strengthened. That relationship would be threatening to Myanmar and India, China and Russia would be zealous to Bangladesh.
Someday the Rohingyas would go back to their land and someday even independence from Myanmar may be a reality with some limitations. Bangladesh is privileged in spite of critical crisis – the Rohingyas would be grateful and would be committed to establish and maintain strong relationship with Bangladesh and Bengali people. So what the super-powers are trying to achieve by economy and investment, but Bangladesh is winning the hearts of the Rohingyas. This would be good for Bangladesh as neighbors. On the other hand, Bangladesh deserves the appreciation from the super-powers by showing generosity. The reputation of our country would grow amidst the crisis. What our country is doing is going to be a lasting example to the world to follow.
What should PCB do?
Needs are immense and without measure. There are urgent short-term and long-term programs could be taken. But PCB wants to see long-term assistance in education, health and skill development.
Church: The Christian staff “to-be assigned” in the site must start Christian activities. We have met and talked with some underground believers there.
We can tell the government that there are Christians and we as church need to take care of them. This has been a regular news in the medias that more than 500 Hindus have forced to come to Bangladesh with the Muslims. I have seen banner and sign-board of Hindu groups/temples for their care.
During the exile of Rohingyas, if God shows some result of conversion, the believers would go back to their homeland with Christianity. So far there is not church in existence reported so this is strategic to reach the refugees. In the future the Rakhaine state would be open for Christian ministry. We should pray for refugee repatriation with the Gospel as many as possible. They would need quality Christian training so that they can continue their Christian journey after their return.
Education: I have talked with the Rakhaine refugees about their education in Myanmar. They said, “They have to read in Burmese language, text books in the schools are in Burmese, no degree is offered even tough someone goes to college, no recognition for getting government job. This means that the historical process of ethnic cleansing has been going through all sectors and for a long time.
There are schools at old camps – I would study about their curriculum. I prefer a separate curriculum for the Rohingyas and we need help from experts of Myanmar specially from the educated Rohingyas. The biggest help in their education would be giving education in their own scripts. I do not know of any script of their own yet. They have gone through Burmese script. This is of course time-consuming to develop some curriculum in Rohingya language. We should not educate the refugee children in Bangladeshi curriculum since we want their repatriation. If they are educated in their own education and culture, they would be able to love their Myanmar and try to go to their motherland. So these steps are recommended – immediate start of education with Bangladesh curriculum in absence of any Burmese curriculum, then education in Burmese curriculum [either by translating or bringing Burmese curriculum from Myanmar], and then developing Rohingya script.
For long-sustaining, a nation cannot survive without their cultural root and prosperity. We need to educate them their history, culture and social values.
Christianity can be transmitted into Rohingya educational curriculum and system.
Children Health: This affect would occur soon for more than 250,000 children. The government is giving vaccine to keep the children from any epidemic. Some clinical service by local doctors and nurses and also by foreign medical team would be helpful.
Technical/vocational Training for livelihood: The refugees are wasting time by no-work. PCB can train them in vocational skills – like small engine repairing and welding for which we have on-going experience.
Things to Keep in Mind:
Whatever programs we undertake there in Teknaf area, we need to establish physical visibility to maintain the philosophy of PCB.
Chittagonian Christian and non-Christian staff would be effective there for better and effective communication.
Chittagong is the hardest place to be reached with the gospel.
PCB needs to work through the blessings of the government to avoid any kind of complicacies. Open Christianization would be an additional headache for them specially for the intelligence in the midst of present multi-faceted crisis.
If the refugees are gone to Myanmar, PCB can continue its work for long-term. But this seems that Myanmar government would not respond to the world appeal immediately. The army of Myanmar is uniting other Myanmar nationals not to compromise with the appeal.
 Source: Wikipedia and The Daily Sanbad, Dated: 10 September 2017.
The need in general of the Muslim community in Bangladesh
Need to Have a chance to hear the full Gospel offer, not partly or not distorted view of the Gospel.
Need assurance of his/her salvation through Bible teaching and knowing testimonies.
Need follow up to learn the Bible, be taught on the basic beliefs, be equipped to survive in the midst of pressure.
Continuous discipling – so that they clearly know the difference in their new faith journey.
Membership with a church, because isolation and remaining as individual believer is risky.
Rehabilitation if new believers are thrown out from the family.
Need encouragement to work in the government level in different professions.
Need enough materials for reading and distributing to their non-Christian friends.
This is an urgent need to equip them in Christian ethics so that they can be faithful in practice and life-style.
Equipping them so that they can give a Bible-based answers to their relatives and friends.
The Muslim community must be transformed – fallen culture needs to reconciled and Christianized.
How could Chinese Christians help in outreaching?
Evangelism: Huge numbers of manpower need to be equipped to share the Gospel directly to a Muslim. Literature distribution – we have more than 80,000 villages with more than 160 million people, having only less than 1% Christians including Catholics.
Discipling: This area is the weakest area in church building works specially among the Muslims so we see lots of backsliding when they cannot survive in pressure, many are afraid to be visible and bear testimony due to fear of persecution. Many are compromising in Christian ethics since they are not properly discipled.
Training: MBCs need residential long-term training to be transformed in Christianity. Missionaries
or expatriates can teach modules for week-long where new believers, church planters and
old believers/leaders could attend. These trainings need also budget.
Publication: Supporting for printing discipleship materials production –
These materials have been recently produced by us and used among the cell group
members of our church building areas. Every year over 500 copies of the materials are
needed only for the church planting areas of Presbyterian Church of Bangladesh [PCB].
But when these materials would be asked and used by other mission groups, then many more copies would be a need.
Supporting the Church Builders [Planters] – These church workers are moving from place to place after staying for a short time in one area. They are moving with their families and children. They are like evangelists and missionaries in the book of Acts. So they cannot be self-sustaining and dependent on the church they build, so they need support for their livelihood. Our mission tries to support them financially as full-time worksers [asPaul received fund from the Philippian Church, he fully devoted in God’s work] so that they can concentrate in their works without being burdened for their family expenses.
Our mission pays minimum 200 USD per month to a church planter’s family for family expenses, children education, medical, and Provident Fund, etc. The conveyances or traveling is additional.
Children Home – The home is for the second generation of the Muslim converts. Our mission needs to educate and train the next generation for the long-run fruits. These children are in Muslims communities, who do not have proper secular education, they are humiliated by the Muslims children in their schools, and no Sunday school teaching since the churches are very small and resources are not available. So we need to build the second generation for the successful movement in church planting. This is due to build strong leadership in the church and transformation of the community by building resources even for the future of the nation. In this type of home, even Muslim children are willing to come and this home can evangelize them.
Medical Mission – Short-term medical mission trips are very useful in the poor country like Bangladesh. Medical facilities are not enough when we do not have doctors. Government hospitals are not adequate in giving the full service where corruption is a big challenge. On the other hand, the patients trust the foreign doctors and nurses. This type of short-term medical camp helps to open the rural areas for the Gospel. The people are softened and even the opponents to Christians are coming for treatment. There are numbers of people are waiting for such service. In such camps, distribution of medicine, simple diagnosis, distribution of literature, teaching through seminars on health issues, and prescription are offered.
Skill Development Training.: These trainings are for the Muslim background Christians
who are thrown out from the families. They need to be self-dependent.
With the skill-development training, they are simultaneously discipled through the set courses.
Welding Training – already in operation
Driving Training – next plan of action
Rural Doctors Training
Garment Machine Operating Training
Sharing testimonies from the Chinese Christians. Sufferings and Survival in Chinese context.
Exchange of visits could be effective for Bangladesh Christians and leaders.
POSSIBILITY OF PARTNERSHIP WITH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF BANGLADESH [PCB}
Partnering with Church Building [Planting] ministry – explained above.
Teaching modules – this module is offered for 5-6 days where our students of the Study Center, church planters and members from the local churches are attending. Sometimes even Muslims are also attending to learn about the Bible.
Medical Camp – explained above.
Long-term: Missionaries for the long-term would have visa problems. But still there is scope of oppurtunities of having visas through medical service, or any other skilled resources.
Medical Hospital – Permanent medical hospitals/clinics could be built to serve the people for the long run.
Children Home – Described above.
School Programs – both for offering free education and also for earning incomes from the students to invest in mission works. Missionaries for short-term is also encouraged to come for 3 months or so where they can teach English and other subjects to the students of the school since the school is in English version. They can slso train teachers who have been teaching in the school.
Business Mission – for upgrading the economic level of MBCs/churches – to make local
rural churches self-sustaining. We are in a situation where we need to develop the believers
economically so that they can give tithes and offerings.
“4-Bigha Project” – This is for visible church building works and to make a local church
self-reliant. Our mission has adopted a strategy to purchase land of 4-bigha [1.3 acres]
of land which is divided into four sections – a pond, some land for agriculture, land for school
for the community, and for the chapel with pastor’s quarter.
When such projects are set up, the local believers are inspired that they have some place
to trust, the local non-Christians or the government cannot overthrow us but the government
is trying to protect us.
PCB’s goal is to see 10 such 4-Bigha Projects are established in different strategic locations
of the country. These centers would serve as the regional bases for mission, outreach, training and leadership in the regions.
There are 2 phases of the project: first purchasing land and development [average 30,000 USD as the price varies in different areas] and then building the infrastructure [another 30,000 USD] of building for school, chapel and pastor’s quarter along with other facilities.
PCB has completed 2 such projects, the third one has land already but is waiting for the buildings, then the locations for the fourth and fifth ones are selected in our plan.
Publication of Books – PCB has published so far more than 28 titles. Now almost all stock are going to be finished and we need the printing of more books. These books and booklets are used by our church planters and other mission groups are always asking for materials for their works.
There are evangelistic books answering questions to the Muslims, gospel sharing and also discipleship materials.
Capital investments for Self-reliant Program – PCB does not seek regular and continuous support from the church in the developed countries. But we seek assistance on how to become a self-reliant mission with its physical establishments.
PCB Conference Center – PCB has the capacity for the accommodation of 40 persons now. But we have plan for upgrading it to accommodate 80 persons in the future. Needs to develop the different materials like sound system, furniture, etc. to run the conference center.
A separate kitchen and storage are needed for this center.
PCB Mission School – needs building facilities for the class rooms.
Right now we are occupying some of the space of PCB Conference Center but needs to
move into a new location inside PCB land boundary. Because school and conference center
cannot be run in the same building due to avoid noises disturbing to each other.
We have designated place for a building project for PCB Mission School.
If we move by the beginning of January next year, we need a building soon.
PCB technical Institute – We have now almost all equipment’s for the welding training.
Our next target is to start Driving training where we need to arrange all necessary items for
such training in 2017. Among the materials, we need an old car, one instructor, decoration of class room, and student hostel. There are now hostel for the students to stay, but we need instructor, car and other necessary arrangements.
4-Bigha Project – explained above. With the tithes from the members, fruit sale from the space, crops from the agricultural land and income from fish, a church is self-supporting after 3-5 years time from the completion of the project.